The CBSE Syllabus For Class 6 Maths introduces its students to the basic concepts of Mathematics.
Chapter 1: Knowing Our Numbers
1.1 Introduction 1.2 Comparing Numbers 1.3 Large Numbers in Practice 1.4 Using Brackets 1.5 Roman Numerals
Chapter 2: Whole Numbers
2.1 Introduction 2.2 Whole Numbers 2.3 The Number Line 2.4 Properties Of Whole Numbers 2.5 Patterns in Whole Numbers
Chapter 3: Playing With Numbers
3.1 Introduction 3.2 Factors and Multiples 3.3 Prime and Composite Numbers 3.4 Test For Divisibility Of Numbers 3.5 Common Factors and Common Multiples 3.6 Some More Divisibility Rules 3.7 Prime Factorisation 3.8 Highest Common Factor 3.9 Lowest Common Multiple 3.10 Some Problems with HCF and LCM
Chapter 4: Basic Geometrical Ideas
4.1 Introduction 4.2 Points 4.3 A Line Segment 4.4 A line 4.5 Intersecting Lines 4.6 Parallel Lines 4.7 Ray 4.8 Curves 4.9 Polygons 4.10 Angles 4.11 Triangles 4.12 Quadrilaterals 4.13 Circles
Chapter 5: Understanding Elementary Shapes
5.1 Introduction 5.2 Measuring Line Segments 5.3 Angles-’Right’ and ‘Straight’ 5.4 Angles- ‘Acute’, ‘Obtuse’ and ‘Reflex’ 5.5 Measuring Angles 5.6 Perpendicular Lines 5.7 Classification of Triangles 5.8 Quadrilaterals 5.9 Polygons 5.10 Three Dimensional Shapes
Chapter 6: Integers
6.1 Introduction 6.2 Integers 6.3 Addition of Integers 6.4 Subtraction of Integers with the help of a Number Line
Chapter 7: Fractions
7.1 Introduction 7.2 A Fraction 7.3 Fraction on the Number Line 7.4 Proper Fractions 7.5 Improper and Mixed Fractions 7.6 Equivalent Fractions 7.7 Simplest Form of a Fraction 7.8 Like Fractions 7.9 Comparing Fractions 7.10 Addition and Subtraction of Fractions
Chapter 8: Decimals
8.1 Introduction 8.2 Tenths 8.3 Hundredths 8.4 Comparing Decimals 8.5 Using Decimals 8.6 Addition of Numbers with Decimals 8.7 Subtraction of Decimals
Chapter 9: Data Handling
9.1 Introduction 9.2 Recording Data 9.3 Organisation of Data 9.4 Pictograph 9.5 Interpretation of a Pictograph 9.6 Drawing a Pictograph 9.7 A Bar Graph
Chapter 10: Mensuration
10.1 Introduction 10.2 Perimeter 10.3 Area
Chapter 11: Algebra
11.1 Introduction 11.2 Matchstick Patterns 11.3 The Idea Of A Variable 11.4 More Matchstick Patterns 11.5 More Examples of Variables 11.6 Use Of Variables in Common Rules 11.7 Expressions with Variables 11.8 Using Expressions Practically 11.9 What is an Equation? 11.10 Solution of an Equation
Chapter 12: Ratio and Proportion
12.1 Introduction 12.2 Ratio 12.3 Proportion 12.4 Unitary Method
Chapter 13: Symmetry
13.1 Introduction 13.2 Making Symmetric Figures 13.3 Figures With Two Lines of Symmetry 13.4 Figures with Multiple Lines of Symmetry 13.5 Reflection and Symmetry
Chapter 14: Practical Geometry
14.1 Introduction 14.2 The Circle 14.3 A Line Segment 14.4 Perpendiculars 14.5 Angles
Chapter Wise Explanations
Knowing Our Numbers- This section is designed to make students aware of various complex values of the number. The section includes numbers like Millions, billions, etc. Students also learn to variate numbers, compare them, etc. Apart from that, the chapter includes the study of complex numbers, estimate sum, the difference between the numbers, etc. The section introduces the students with numbers like 1,00,000 etc.
Whole Numbers- As the name reflects, the chapter includes the study of whole numbers, their concepts, and features. It talks about the properties of the whole numbers, the patterns in a series of the whole numbers, etc. The chapter also introduces the students to topics like number lines and working on the number line. Concepts like the predecessor, successor are also an important part of the chapter.
Playing with numbers- The chapter talks about the concepts like Factors and multiples, prime and composite numbers, factors and common multiples, prime factorization, HCF and LCM, etc. The chapter also introduces the students to other important concepts like divisibility of numbers, prime factorization, etc.
Basic Geometrical ideas- The section is designed to make students aware of basic geometry. It talks about the sections like parallel lines, Ray, curves, polygons, angles, triangles, circles etc. The purpose of this subject is to make sure that students get the basic idea about future geometrical problems. It will help them in building a strong foundation for themselves to respective of the Geometry subject.
Understanding Elementary Shapes– This section of the study introduces the students to various designs and shapes included in the maths. The section provides the basic knowledge of the shapes and designs which can be useful for the tougher syllabuses in the advanced classes. Some important topics which are included under the chapter are Line Segments, Right and straight angles, Acute, Obtuse, and Reflex angles, Perpendicular angles, Polygons, etc.
Integers- This is a section that includes fun learning. The chapter includes points like Tag me with a sign, Integers, Ordering of integers, Addition of integers, etc.
Fractions- The 7th chapter of the subject includes topics like Fraction on Number line, Proper fractions, equivalent fractions, like fractions, comparing like or unlike fractions, adding or subtracting like fractions, etc.
Decimals- This portion of the study first introduces and talks about the value of decimals in numbers. Later the level increases up to the uses of decimals in tenths, hundredths, etc. Another part of the chapter makes sure that you learn about the application of the decimals in real-life applications like Money and weight etc.
Data Handling- The chapter includes various activities related to the graph data. It introduces the students to the concepts of recording, drawing, and the organization of the graphical data. The students learn about calculating the values with the help of the data into the pictograph form.
Mensuration- This part of the study includes calculating various designs and figures with the help of their area and volume. The purpose of the chapter is to make students aware of the tools which can be helpful for them into various kind of measurement activities for the shapes and the designs. Under this chapter, the students learn about topics like perimeter, measurement of the perimeter, area, area of a rectangle, etc.
Algebra- This is the beginning portion of the Algebra chapter for the students. The syllabus is designed to introduce you to algebra, its uses in mathematical problems, etc. You will get to know about various matchstick problems, various uses of variables in the common, expressions, expressions with variables, and using expressions practically. Some portions of Algebra will be based on an equation and its solution.
Ratio and Proportion- This chapter will be based on the introduction of the ratio concepts and the uses. Ratio and Proportion will be defined separately and then students will learn about the relations between them. The conclusion of the chapter will have examples for ratio and proportion both concept and the study of the unitary method.
Symmetry- The chapter will be based on the symmetries and their applications in real life. The chapter will begin with the basic introduction and then the discussion will be about Ink Blot Devils. Later, the study of figures with multiple lines of symmetry, reflection and symmetry, etc. The purpose of this chapter is to make students familiar with the concepts of the Symmetry so that the future syllabus related to the symmetry concept can be familiar.
Practical Geometry- Practical Geometry covers all the fundamentals of drawing various geometrical shapes. In this chapter, we will be discussing different geometrical tools and their uses. Some of the Mathematical instruments used to construct shapes are Graduated Ruler, Compasses, Divider, Set-Square, and a Protractor. Here in this chapter students will be learning about step by step procedure to Constructing an angle, constructing a bisector, and constructing a line segment.